Review Process

The Grand Challenges for Engineering have been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council Report Review Committee. 

The purpose of this independent review was to provide candid, critical comments to assist NAE in making the published conclusions as sound as possible and to ensure that they meet institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge.  The review comments and the draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. 

The NAE Executive Office appointed the following NAE members to oversee the review:

Thomas Budinger [NAE/Institute of Medicine (IOM)], University of California, Berkeley 
W. Dale Compton (NAE), Purdue University 
Charles Elachi (NAE), Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Wm. A. Wulf (NAE), University of Virginia.  

These review monitors were responsible for ensuring that the independent review was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. 

The reviewers were:

Rakesh Agrawal (NAE), Purdue University
Daniel Arvizu, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Ronald Atlas, University of Louisville
Steven Bellovin, Columbia University
Frederick Brooks (NAE), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
George Bugliarello (NAE), Polytechnic University
James Collins, Boston University
Dale Compton (NAE), Purdue University
Denis Cortese (IOM), Mayo Clinic
Glenn Daigger (NAE), CH2M Hill, Inc.
Ruth David (NAE), Analytic Services, Inc.
Neil deGrasse Tyson, American Museum of Natural History
Don Detmer (IOM), American Medical Informatics Association
James Duderstadt (NAE), University of Michigan
Liang-Shih Fan (NAE), Ohio State University
Harold Forsen (NAE), Bechtel Corporation (retired)
Robert Frosch (NAE), Harvard University
Tim Gardner, Boston University
Richard Garwin [NAE/IOM/National Academy of Sciences (NAS)], IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center (emeritus)
Geoffrey Ginsburg, Duke University
Sig Hecker (NAE), Stanford University
Charles Hopkinson, Jr., Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole
Robert Howarth, Cornell University
Abul Hussam, George Mason University
Anita Jones (NAE), University of Virginia
James Katzer (NAE), ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co. (retired)
Gerald Kulcinski (NAE), University of Wisconsin, Madison
Daniel Loucks (NAE), Cornell University
Margaret Martinez, The Training Place, Inc.
Pamela Matson (NAS), Stanford University
Gene Meieran (NAE), Intel Corp.
Ioannis Miaoulis, Museum of Science, Boston
Earl Miller, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tara O’Toole, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
James Olds, George Mason University
Charles O'Melia (NAE), Johns Hopkins University
Franklin Orr (NAE), Stanford University
Larry Papay (NAE), Science Applications International Corp. (retired)
Rino Rappuoli (NAS), Novartis Vaccines
Sally Reis, University of Connecticut
Joseph Renzulli, University of Connecticut
Sebastian Seung, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Pawan Sinha, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Mel Slater, University College London
Eugene Spafford, Purdue University
Ronald Stevens, Immex Software Development and University of California, Los Angeles
Alvin Trivelpiece (NAE), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (retired)
Charles Zukoski (NAE), University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Responsibility for the final Grand Challenges for Engineering rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.